Queen Juliana (1909-2004)
Queen Juliana reigned from 1948 to 1980, a time of major changes in Dutch society, including post-war reconstruction, student unrest in the 1960s and 1970s and the oil crisis in the mid-1970s. Queen Juliana’s informal manner and concern for social issues won her great popularity.
In 1937 Princess Juliana married Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. They had four daughters: Beatrix (b. 1938), Irene (b. 1939), Margriet (b. 1943, in exile in Canada) and Christina (b. 1947). Both before and after the Second World War, the family lived at Soestdijk Palace.
Queen Juliana died on 20 March 2004 and Prince Bernhard on 1 December of the same year.